How do infrared thermometers work?
The device is equipped with an infrared sensor that can quickly measure surface temperature without making any contact with a person’s skin. Infrared thermometers work based on a phenomenon called black body radiation. According to the website 'Sciencing.com', the following is the method which shows how infrared thermometers work:
"Infrared light works like visible light--it can be focused, reflected or absorbed. Infrared thermometers usually use a lens to focus infrared light from one object onto a detector called a thermopile. The thermopile absorbs the infrared radiation and turns it into heat. The more infrared energy, the hotter the thermopile gets. This heat is turned into electricity. The electricity is sent to a detector, which uses it to determine the temperature of whatever the thermometer is pointed at. The more electricity, the hotter the object is."